Studio: FlickList 4

In this studio we will finally cast aside those cumbersome, error-prone HTML strings that are littering our file, refactoring our code to use templates.


In today's walkthrough, we will do most of the work of switching our project to use templates:

  • We will import render_template which will allow us to use jinja2, a templating engine.
  • We will create a bunch of .html files to hold our content.
  • In our request methods, we will render those templates into our HTTP response!

In the process, we will talk about:

  • How to leave a "blank space" in your template for data to be inserted dynamically (e.g. the name of the movie the user wants to add).
  • How to insert the data once we know what it is.
  • We will also see the Jinja syntax for doing a few additional, important things:
    • How to loop over a list of items in a template.
    • How to write a conditional statement in a template.


For studio, you will finish up our refactoring so that we have fully migrated our entire web-app away from using ugly strings of HTML, and into the bright, shiny era of using templates instead.

Checking out the Studio code

Follow the instructions for getting the code in order to get the starter code for studio4.

Your Task

If you visit the web-app in your browser, you will find that the /add route is broken! Try typing in a movie and submitting the form, and you will encounter a "Confirmation Message Under Construction..." message.

Your job is to get this page back up and running. The user should still see the same confirmation message as before:

The Matrix has been added to your Watchlist.

Of course, there is one caveat: you are required to use a template. Your file should not contain any HTML at all!

  1. Create a file named add-confirmation.html inside your /templates directory, and add whatever HTML content needs to be added.
  2. In your add_movie function, use your template to render the response.

For reference, you can look at our code at the bottom of the crossoff_movie function, which renders the templates/crossoff.html template file (in addition to the header and footer templates).

There are two more tasks that remain:

  1. Modify the edit.html file to display the watchlist in an unordered list with bullets in front of each movie.

  2. Change get_current_watchlist to return []. This simulates a user with an empty watchlist. Now, modify edit.html to make sense in such a situation:

    1. Hide the <h2>My Watchlist</h2> and its unordered list.
    2. Hide the crossoff form, since there are no movies to cross off.

    Once you've tested your code to make sure it handles an empty watchlist, then you can change get_current_watchlist back to the list of hard-coded movies.