5.6. Exercises: Booleans and ConditionalsΒΆ

Attempt these exercises to test your understanding. Don't worry if you struggle while working on them. Struggling and then reviewing the material will help you remember it.

In class, be sure to ask about the topics you do not understand. You are NOT the only person who needs help.

Code exercises 1 & 2 here.

  1. Declare and initialize the following variables for our space shuttle:

    Variable Value
    engineIndicatorLight "red blinking"
    spaceSuitsOn true
    shuttleCabinReady true
    crewStatus spaceSuitsOn && shuttleCabinReady
    computerStatusCode 200
    shuttleSpeed 15000
  2. Examine the code below. What will be printed to the console?

    Use the value of engineIndicatorLight defined above to answer this question.

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    if (engineIndicatorLight === "green") {
       console.log("engines have started");
    } else if (engineIndicatorLight === "green blinking") {
       console.log("engines are preparing to start");
    } else {
       console.log("engines are off");
    }
    
  3. Write conditional expressions to satisfy the safety rules below, using the variables defined from the table above. Code exercises 3 & 4 here.

    1. crewStatus
      • If the value is true, print "Crew Ready"
      • Else print "Crew Not Ready"
    2. computerStatusCode
      • If the value is 200, print "Please stand by. Computer is rebooting."
      • Else if the value is 400, print "Success! Computer online."
      • Else print "ALERT: Computer offline!"
    3. shuttleSpeed
      • If the value is > 17500, print "ALERT: Escape velocity reached!"
      • Else if the value is < 8000, print "ALERT: Cannot maintain orbit!"
      • Else print "Stable speed"
  4. PREDICT:

    Do these code blocks produce the same result? Answer Yes or No.

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    if (crewStatus && computerStatusCode === 200 && spaceSuitsOn) {
       console.log("all systems go");
    } else {
       console.log("WARNING. Not ready");
    }
    
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    if (!crewStatus || computerStatusCode !== 200 || !spaceSuitsOn) {
       console.log("WARNING. Not ready");
    } else {
       console.log("all systems go");
    }
    
  5. The remaining exercises implement conditional code to monitor the shuttle's fuel status. Code exercises 5 & 6 here. Implement the checks below using if / else if / else statements. Order is important when working with conditionals, and the checks below are NOT written in the correct sequence. Please read ALL of the checks before coding and then decide on the best order for the conditionals.

    1. If fuelLevel is above 20000 AND engineTemperature is at or below 2500, print "Full tank. Engines good."
    2. If fuelLevel is above 10000 AND engineTemperature is at or below 2500, print "Fuel level above 50%.  Engines good."
    3. If fuelLevel is above 5000 AND engineTemperature is at or below 2500, print "Fuel level above 25%. Engines good."
    4. If fuelLevel is at or below 5000 OR engineTemperature is above 2500, print "Check fuel level. Engines running hot."
    5. If fuelLevel is below 1000 OR engineTemperature is above 3500 OR engineIndicatorLight is red blinking, print "ENGINE FAILURE IMMINENT!"
    6. Otherwise, print "Fuel and engine status pending..."

Try It

Run your code several times to make sure it prints the correct phrase for each set of conditions.

fuelLevel engineTemperature engineIndicatorLight Result
Any Any red blinking ENGINE FAILURE IMMINENT!
21000 1200 NOT red blinking Full tank. Engines good.
900 Any Any ENGINE FAILURE IMMINENT!
5000 1200 NOT red blinking Check fuel level. Engines running hot.
12000 2600 NOT red blinking Check fuel level. Engines running hot.
18000 2500 NOT red blinking Fuel level above 50%. Engines good.
  1. Final bit of fun!

    The shuttle should only launch if the fuel tank is full and the engine check is OK. However, let's establish an override command to ignore any warnings and send the shuttle into space anyway!

    1. Create the variable commandOverride, and set it to be true or false.

      If commandOverride is false, then the shuttle should only launch if the fuel and engine check are OK.

      If commandOverride is true, then the shuttle will launch regardless of the fuel and engine status.

    2. Code the following if / else check:

      If fuelLevel is above 20000 AND engineIndicatorLight is NOT red blinking OR commandOverride is true print "Cleared to launch!"

      Else print "Launch scrubbed!"