8.6. Studio: Strings and Arrays¶
Strings are ordered collections of characters, which are strings of length 1. The characters in a string can be accessed using bracket notation.
Arrays are ordered collections of items, which can be strings, numbers, other arrays, etc. The items/elements/entries stored in an array can be accessed using bracket notation.
Strings are immutable, whereas arrays can be changed.
Strings and arrays have properties and methods that allow us to easily perform some useful actions.
8.6.1. String Modification¶
Use string methods to convert a word into pseudo-pig latin.
- Remove the first three characters from a string and add them to the end.
'nchCodeLau'. Use a template literal to print the original and modified string in a descriptive phrase.
- Modify your code to accept user input. Query the user to enter the number of letters that will be relocated.
- Add validation to your code to deal with user inputs that are longer than the word. In such cases, default to moving 3 characters. Also, the template literal should note the error.
8.6.2. Array and String Conversion¶
The starter code for this section contains unit tests. You will see a lot of new code in the starter code.
The directions will tell you which function to work in.
Look for the
NOTE comments for guidance and direction.
The Test Code appendix page provides more information and tips for working inside code like this.
join methods convert back and forth between strings
and arrays. Use delimiters as reference points to split a string into an
array, then modify the array and convert it back to a printable string.
- For a given string, use the
includesmethod to check to see if the words are separated by commas (
,), semicolons (
;), or just spaces.
- Use the
reverseCommas()function to code the following. If the string uses commas to separate the words,
splitit into an array, reverse the entries, and then
jointhe array into a new comma-separated string. For example,
- Use the
semiDash()function to code the following. If the string uses semicolons to separate the words,
splitit into an array, alphabetize the entries, and then
jointhe array into a new hyphen-separated string. For example,
- Use the
reverseSpace()function to code the following. If the string uses spaces to separate the words,
splitit into an array, reverse alphabetize the entries, and then
jointhe array into a new space-separated string. For example,
"to code up fun"becomes
"up to fun code".
- Use the
commaSpace()function to code the following. Consider: What if the string uses 'comma spaces' (, ) to separate the list? Modify your code to produce the same result as part "b", making sure that the extra spaces are NOT part of the final string.
8.6.3. Bonus Mission: Multi-dimensional Arrays¶
Arrays can store other arrays!
- The cargo hold in our shuttle contains several smaller storage spaces. Use
splitto convert the following strings into four cabinet arrays. Alphabetize the contents of each cabinet.
"water bottles, meal packs, snacks, chocolate"
"space suits, jet packs, tool belts, thermal detonators"
"parrots, cats, moose, alien eggs"
"blankets, pillows, eyepatches, alarm clocks"
- Initialize a
cargoHoldarray and add the cabinet arrays to it. Print
cargoHoldto verify its structure.
- Query the user to select a cabinet (0-3) in the
- Use bracket notation and a template literal to display the contents of the selected cabinet. If the user entered an invalid number, print an error message instead.
- Bonus to the Bonus: Modify the code to query the user for BOTH a cabinet in
cargoHoldAND a particular item. Use the
includesmethod to check if the cabinet contains the selected item, then print
"Cabinet ____ DOES/DOES NOT contain ____."