The following commands might already be familiar to you. Practicing them and using the commands many times over makes them second nature. Once you are comfortable with them the speed at which you can execute them and move swiftly through your terminal for common tasks becomes an excellent tool at your disposal!
Using your terminal, navigate to your Home directory using
lsto view the contents of your Home directory.
cdto move into your Desktop directory. For most, the command to do this is
cd Desktop/since the Desktop is most often a child of the Home directory.
In the terminal, use
mkdirto create a folder on the Desktop called ‘my_first_directory’. Look on your Desktop. Do you see it?
cd my_first_directory/to move inside that directory.
pwdto check your location.
There, make a file called ‘my_first_file.txt’ with
Open the file and write yourself a message!
Back in the terminal, list the contents of your current directory from the terminal with
Make a copy of your ‘my_first_file.txt’ from it’s current spot to directly on the Desktop with
cp my_first_file.txt ../my_first_copy.txt.
Move back out to your Desktop directory from the terminal with
lsin the terminal to verify your ‘my_first_copy.txt’ on your Desktop. Print the contents of the file to standard out with the
catcommand. Is it the same as your first file?
Move your copied file into your ‘my_first_directory’ with
mv my_first_copy.txt my_first_directory/.
lsto see that the copied file is no longer on your Desktop.
cd my_first_directory/, followed by
lsto confirm that your copy has been moved into ‘my_first_directory’.
cd ..to get back out to your Desktop.
rm -r my_first_directory/and do a visual check, as well as
lson your terminal, to verify that the directory has been removed.