6.10. Exercises: Booleans and Conditionals

Attempt these exercises to test your understanding. Don’t worry if you struggle while working on them. Struggling and then reviewing the material will help you remember it.

Take note of any problem here or topic from this chapter that you don’t understand. Take a break and return to the problem. Do you see it in a new way or have a better understanding? If not, try spending five minutes researching the topic. Start with this book and if you still have questions, ask one on the internet or Slack/Discourse. You’re not the first person to learn to code and you’re definitely not the first person to ask a question or get stuck!

Code exercises A & B here.

  1. Assign the following variables for our space shuttle

    Variable Name Value
    engine_indicator_light red blinking
    space_suits_on True
    shuttle_cabin_ready True
    crew_status space_suits_on and shuttle_cabin_ready
    computer_status_code 200
    shuttle_speed 15000

    Check your solution.

  2. Examine the code below. What will be printed to the console?

    Use the value of engine_indicator_light defined above to answer this question.

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    if engine_indicator_light == "green":
       print("engines have started")
    elif engine_indicator_light == "green blinking":
       print("engines are preparing to start")
    else:
       print("engines are off")
    

    Code exercises C & D here.

  3. Write conditional expressions to satisfy the safety rules.

    Use the variables defined from the table above to satisfy the rules listed below.

    1. crew_status

      • If the value is True, print "Crew Ready"
      • Else print "Crew Not Ready"

      Check your solution

    1. computer_status_code

      • If the value is 200, print "Please stand by. Computer is rebooting."
      • Else if the value is 400, print "Success! Computer online."
      • Else print "ALERT: Computer offline!"

      Check your solution

    2. shuttle_speed

      • If the value is > 17500, print "ALERT: Escape velocity reached!"
      • Else if the value is < 8000, print "ALERT: Cannot maintain orbit!"
      • Else print "Stable speed"

      Check your solution

  4. PREDICT

    Do these code blocks produce the same result? Answer Yes or No.

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    if crew_status and computer_status_code == 200 and space_suits_on:
       print("all systems go")
    else:
       print("WARNING. Not ready")
    
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    if crew_status != True or computer_status_code != 200 or not(space_suits_on):
       print("WARNING. Not ready")
    else:
       print("all systems go")
    

    Code exercises E & F here.

  5. Monitor the shuttle’s fuel status.

    Implement the checks below using if / elif / else statements. Order is important when working with conditionals, and the checks below are NOT written in the correct sequence. Please read ALL of the checks before coding and then decide on the best order for the conditionals.

    1. If fuel_level is above 20000 AND engine_temperature is at or below 2500, print "Full tank. Engines good."
    2. If fuel_level is above 10000 AND engine_temperature is at or below 2500, print "Fuel level above 50%.  Engines good."
    3. If fuel_level is above 5000 AND engine_temperature is at or below 2500, print "Fuel level above 25%. Engines good."
    4. If fuel_level is at or below 5000 OR engine_temperature is above 2500, print "Check fuel level. Engines running hot."
    5. If fuel_level is below 1000 OR engine_temperature is above 3500 OR engine_indicator_light is red blinking, print "ENGINE FAILURE IMMINENT!"
    6. Otherwise, print "Fuel and engine status pending..."

    Try It

    Run your code several times to make sure it prints the correct phrase for each set of conditions.

    fuel_level engine_temperature engine_indicator_light Result
    Any Any red blinking ENGINE FAILURE IMMINENT!
    21000 1200 NOT red blinking Full tank. Engines good.
    900 Any Any ENGINE FAILURE IMMINENT!
    5000 1200 NOT red blinking Check fuel level. Engines running hot.
    12000 2600 NOT red blinking Check fuel level. Engines running hot.
    18000 2500 NOT red blinking Fuel level above 50%. Engines good.

    Check your solution

  6. Final bit of fun!

    The shuttle should only launch if the fuel tank is full and the engine check is OK. However, let’s establish an override command to ignore any warnings and send the shuttle into space anyway!

    1. Create the variable command_override, and set it to be true or false.

      If command_override is False, then the shuttle should only launch if the fuel and engine check are OK.

      If command_override is True, then the shuttle will launch regardless of the fuel and engine status.

    2. Code the following if / else check:

      If fuel_level is above 20000 AND engine_indicator_light is NOT red blinking OR command_override is true print "Cleared to launch!"

      Else print "Launch scrubbed!"

6.10.1. Submitting Your Work

When finished copy the URLs to your repls for the exercises, separating each URL with a semi-colon and paste them into the submission box in Canvas for Exercises: Booleans, Conditionals, and Loops and click Submit.

You should have a total of 5 repls, 3 from the above Booleans and Conditionals Exercises and 2 from from Loops Exercises.