1.5. Creating a C# Project

Following the “Hello World” trend, let’s create a new Visual Studio project.

  1. Create a new folder to hold your C# practice files. Since you will be creating lots of small projects as you move through this course, we suggest that you also add sub-folders with names corresponding to the related chapters and projects. Something like csharp-practice/chapter-name/project-name.

  2. In Visual Studio, from the project opener window, select the option to create a New Visual Studio project.

  3. You next need to choose what project template to use. For this first project (and those in the next several lessons), select the .NET Core Console Application option for C#.

    Mac Users:
    • You can find this by selecting Web and Console options in the left menu.
    • Select the App subdirectory
    • Select Console Application from the General menu option in the center menu pane
    Windows Users:
    • Select Console App
    • If you can’t find it easily, you can search “Console App”
  4. Select .NET 6.0 as your Target Framework.

  5. Then, give your new project a name. Following C# Naming Conventions, call your project HelloWorld. The solution name will be the same. Choose where you want this project to be saved, ideally somewhere inside the directory you created in Step 1 of this tutorial.

    Mac Users:
    • Pick the options for “Use git for version control.” and “Create a .gitignore file to ignore inessential files”
  6. Visual Studio will now create a Solution to hold your console Project. The project is your current app. The project contains all of the files that app needs to build and run. The solution is a workspace that combines multiple projects, which are usually related to each other. The solution file type is .sln.

    Once created, Visual Studio opens a new project window that displays your Program.cs file.

  7. To see the other files inside this solution, you will need to View either the Solution (Mac Users) or the Solution Explorer (Windows Users).

    You’ll see the project file tree containing a file called Program.cs in a pane called Solution Explorer.

  8. You are new to C# and we’ll go over the syntax present in Program.cs in time. For now, can you guess what line 2 accomplishes?

    1
    2
      // See https://aka.ms/new-console-template for more information
      Console.WriteLine("Hello, World!");
    

    Click on the Run button (a triangle button located above the Program.cs panel) indicated in one of the images above to run the project and see the output.

  9. A console window should pop up with the line “Hello World” printed. That’s it. You have created and executed your first C# application.

    Tip

    The first time you run a console app in Visual Studio, you may be prompted to allow VS to access the terminal. This is ok.

    This may also take longer than a few seconds to run the very first time.

1.5.1. Troubleshooting

This app is printing to the terminal. If you are not able to see the output, look inside the project’s terminal.

If you would like more instructions on creating and running this project check out the following documentation:

1.5.1.1. Hello, Solution!

You’ve just created your first C# project. Congrats! In fact, you’ve also just created your own C# solution. Your HelloWorld project is nested within a solution called HelloWorld. A solution behaves like a container for related projects and other Visual Studio settings.

A C# project contains all the code to run a particular application. Along with the Program.cs file you ran just a moment ago, you may have also noticed a Dependencies folder. Many applications require extra code like dependencies or other compiling configurations to execute.

You can create another project inside of the HelloWorld solution very easily. Right click on the solution name to add a new project, another console app as above, and name it Hello<YourName>. Change the starter code in Program.cs to greet you by name.

Now that you have more than one project in your solution, you need to select which one you want to run. Select the project name from the menu next to the Run button.

1.5.1.2. Check Your Understanding

Question

Given the code below, which line is responsible for printing a message?

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2
  // See https://aka.ms/new-console-template for more information
  Console.WriteLine("Hello, World!");
  1. Line 1
  2. Line 2
  3. None of the above

Question

Where does to the following code print out?

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2
  // See https://aka.ms/new-console-template for more information
  Console.WriteLine("Hello, World!");
  1. In line 3 of the Program.cs file
  2. In the browser
  3. In the terminal
  4. None of the above