Identity and Authorization
While this chapter is focused on authentication, you may find yourself wanting to use Identity to limit pages to logged-in users Authorization allows us to restrict access to pages by allowing only logged in users to see them. While this can be a very complex process,
ASP.NET has two simple attributes that allow us to restrict access to pages to only logged in users.
[Authorize] is an attribute that limits access to content to only logged in users.
[Authorize] can be used for a specific method or a whole controller.
[AllowAnonymous] is an attribute that allows any viewer to access content.
This is the default state, so
[AllowAnonymous] is oftentimes used in conjunction with
CodingEvents, we may only want to allow logged-in users to add an event. We can add
[Authorize] at the controller level to prevent any anonymous users from accessing those pages.
Why do this? Because giving all users the ability to add, edit, or delete events can cause trouble.
However, we do want to give all users the ability to view the events. That is where
[AllowAnonymous] comes in. We can update the controller so that the
Index view is accessible to everyone like so:
Now every user can see available events, but only logged-in users can add, edit, or delete events!