We now introduce a useful technique to auto-create model instances, called model binding. Model binding takes place when a whole model object is created by the ASP.NET framework on form submission. This saves us the effort, and the code, needed to pass in each form field to a controller.
Model binding reduces the amount of code we need to
write to create an object and helps with validation (which we’ll explore further in the next
section). With a few modifications to our project, ASP.NET creates an
Event object for us when
the New Event form is posted.
How to Use Model Binding
When submitting new event information, rather than passing in each field used to
instantiate a model, we can instead pass in
Event newEvent as a parameter
of the controller method.
First, we need to add a parameterless constructor to
Then, we can revise the
NewEvent() method in
This is the essence of model binding. The model instance is created on form submission. With only two fields needed to create an event, the value of this data binding may not be particularly apparent right now. You can imagine, though, with a larger form and class, that the practice of model binding is pretty potent.
For binding to take place, we must use the model field names as the form field names. So back in the create form HTML, we update the form fields to match the event fields.
If a form field name does NOT match up with a model field, then binding will fail for that piece of data. It is critically important to ensure these names match up.
The basics of model binding require that model property names match form field names. If they don’t,
you still have the option to bind the model with attributes. We could have left the description
field in the Add Event form with
name="desc". Then back in the
Event class, we could modify the
description property as such:
The changes above only scratch the surface of what can be done with model binding. We address more aspects and advantages of this technique in the coming pages If you’d like to read more on the topic now, take a look at the documentation .
Check Your Understanding
Complete this sentence (Check all that apply): Model binding …
- requires the use of attributes.
- helps with form validation.
- reduces controller code.
- makes your code more rigid and vulnerable to errors.
CodingEvents, we add an additional property,
NumberOfAttendees, to the
Event class. What other change must we make to ensure the user of our
application can determine this value? (Assume we are using model binding to process form submission.)
- Pass in a
numberOfAttendeesparameter to the form submission handler.
- Add another input element to the create event form with a
- Add a
- All of the above.